Re: Spray Hood
Posted by: IDUNA
Date: April 4, 2008 06:51PM
Category: Sails and canvas
Sorry, I missed your telephone calls. We were traveling. I left a voice mail message on your mobile phone.
I looked at Pardey's design for a hatch turtle over the companionway. Granted it is simple and I quite certain serves their purpose and fits their marketing strategies. We decided to fit a full size dodger on IDUNA. After interviewing several BCC owners who had cruised, we wanted more protection from the elements and also a place to keep binoculars, etc. temporarily out of the elements. When we approach an anchorage or harbor, we keep the chart handy under the dodger. We have been out in "some cold nasty stuff" on the Chesapeake without a dodger. A dodger would have kept the spray off the crew and allowed a place of refuge while maintaining a watch.
Larry's bronze track on the bowsprit is an adaptation of the sail handling system fitted to the English pilot cutters and fishing boats off the English coast - "Hand Reef And Steer by Tom Cunliffe. These workboats were fitted with a black iron or galvanized ring that loosely fitted over the bowsprit. The jib tack was secured to the ring and an outhaul used to haul to ring to the end of the bowsprit. The sail was hoisted and the luff rope/wire made taught with a two-part purchase fitted to the halyard. Because these bowsprits were able to be reefed, they lacked a jib stay, hence four-part running tackles were used for the bobstay and sometimes the whisker stays. Newer boats, circa 1900's, replaced this setup with a Wykeham Martin Furler. This all bronze unit is still in production and offered by Davey & Company Ltd, England. The Davey & Company USA importer is www.RWrope.com. Pardey's adaptation uses a second jib stay attached to track slide. This arrangement allows the use of hanked head sails but does require a removable "lazy jib stay", an outhaul and a halyard. The one negative to the Pardey arrangement is the use of screws to take the load when the "lazy jib stay" is made taught by a highfield lever. Pardey's adaptation of an old system does have merit. It is simple and allows the use of hanked sails. Further it keeps the crew off the "widow maker." Larry is very innovative and we admire his talent and depth of knowledge.
On our last boat, we used a bonnet reefing system on the jib. This is a reefing system that was used in the age of sail. The Pardey's just adaptive it to there needs and made it more modern. "The Cost Conscientious Cruiser" by Lin and Larry Pardey has a chapter devoted to the system. It was easy to use and gave us good sail shape because the headsail was hanked to the jib stay and could be tensioned. The bowsprit on African Moon was a little longer than 3 ft, had a nice platform and strong pulpit. This was not a fun place to be when the chop was running at 3' to 4' in Galveston Bay. I did the work at the end the end of the little "widow maker." At times, I was in a state of free fall. When we purchased IDUNA, I decided neither one of us had right to be out on the "widow maker" and we installed a roller furler system. Which is best? I suspect the Parley's system results in better sail shape than a furler system but is a little more complicated because of the second jib stay, track outhaul and highfield lever. Further, when working the headsail, a crew member must be on the foredeck. This is not the case with a furler system. As always, either choice is a compromise. Perhaps if we were younger or had over a half a lifetime at sea, we would use the bowsprit sail track system but today,we plan to keep the furler.
The term "widow maker" was widely used in the days of working sail. When the first fishing schooner were designed with an all inboard rig, i.e. no bowsprit, the old school laughed but it did not take too long before the old school started to notice all the crew came back to the dock. When the old schooners reached the end of their service life, about 15 years, they were replaced with inboard rigged schooners.
Edited 1 times. Last edit at 04/04/08 07:13PM by IDUNA.